Use of liposomal amphotericin B in critically ill patients: A retrospective, multicenter, clinical study

Francisco Álvarez-Lerma, F. Mariscal, E. Quintana, G. Rialp, J. Díaz-Regañón, M. J. Pérez, B. Álvarez-Sánchez, I. Ausín Aoiz

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The clinical use of liposomal amphotericin B in 179 patients admitted to 30 medical-surgical Intensive Care Units (ICUs) treated with this agent in 2006 was analyzed. Invasive fungal infections were proven, probable and possible in 44%, 16%, and 25% of cases, respectively. Fungi isolated were Candida albicans (38%), non-albicans Candida spp. (15%) and Aspergillus spp. (7%). The mean duration of treatment was 15 days (mean dose 3.7 mg/kg/day). The drug was used as rescue treatment after fluconazole or caspofungin in 47% of patients and as firstline in 52% with a satisfactory clinical response in 54% of cases (72.6% with proven infection). Microbiological eradication was achieved in 68% of cases. Adverse events occurred in 51 patients but were severe in only 4. The use of liposomal amphotericin B both as firstline and rescue treatment and mainly for proven invasive fungal infection was associated with a high rate of satisfactory clinical response. © E.S.I.F.T. srl.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-337
JournalJournal of Chemotherapy
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Critically ill patient
  • ICU
  • Invasive fungal infections
  • Liposomal amphotericin B

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