A 13-month-old female Andalusian was evaluated because of a congenital left deviation of the maxilla and nasal septum, which had resulted in a gross mal-occlusion of the maxillary incisor teeth. Surgical correction of a deviated nasal septum and premaxilla in a horse was first reported in 1978 and involved a premaxilla osteotomy and use of an autogenous rib graft, with a nasal septum osteotomy performed in a second surgery; to the authors' knowledge, no alternative surgical treatments have since been described. In this horse, a new surgical treatment by distraction osteogenesis without nasal septum osteotomy was attempted. After the procedure, the premaxilla and nasal septum deviations were corrected; however, an overjet lesion (rostral projection of maxillary arcade over the mandibular arcade) was evident, for which the owners declined treatment. Compared with previously recommended procedures, distraction osteogenesis appears to be a less invasive treatment for congenital facial deformities and may be considered an option in the treatment of congenital deviation of the nasal septum and premaxilla (wry nose), head scoliosis, brachygnathism, and prognathism in horses.
|Journal||Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2004|