Unsupervised writer adaptation of whole-word HMMs with application to word-spotting

José A. Rodríguez-Serrano, Florent Perronnin, Gemma Sánchez, Josep Lladós

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we propose a novel approach for writer adaptation in a handwritten word-spotting task. The method exploits the fact that the semi-continuous hidden Markov model separates the word model parameters into (i) a codebook of shapes and (ii) a set of word-specific parameters. Our main contribution is to employ this property to derive writer-specific word models by statistically adapting an initial universal codebook to each document. This process is unsupervised and does not even require the appearance of the keyword(s) in the searched document. Experimental results show an increase in performance when this adaptation technique is applied. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work dealing with adaptation for word-spotting. The preliminary version of this paper obtained an IBM Best Student Paper Award at the 19th International Conference on Pattern Recognition. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)742-749
JournalPattern Recognition Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010


  • Document analysis
  • Handwriting recognition
  • Hidden Markov model
  • Word-spotting
  • Writer adaptation


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