University professors' perceived state of health and stress in relation to day or evening teaching schedules

Ramón Cladellas, Antoni Castelló

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: The aim of present research is the analysis of how work time managing, depending on the placement of the teaching activity within the timetable, influences psycosocial factors bonded to health and stress symptoms. The effects of extreme periods of the official timetable have particularly been studied. Method: The sample comprised 172 professors from the Politechnical University of Catalonia (99 men and 73 women). A Spanish version of ISTAS21 was used. Results: Professors whose classes were placed at the first morning hours and the last evening hours declared a less healthy perception of themselves and a larger number of stress symptoms. Results showed no difference related to gender, but significant differences related to gender-time period were found. The effects of extreme time periods are more intense on females. Discussion and conclusions: It can be derived from results that the chances a university professor has to manage his/her own work time making it compatible with personal time activities abound in stress and stress-related diseases prevention. Rather than a general management of time, avoiding the overlapping with highly valued personal activities is the key factor. The notorious effect observed in women is explained by the social role they usually have, where family is one of the most important values. © Education & Psychology I+D+i and Editorial EOS (Spain).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-240
JournalElectronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2011


  • Gender role
  • Health perception
  • Stress
  • Teaching time location
  • University professors


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