Understanding the detrimental effect of nitrate presence on EBPR systems: Effect of the plant configuration

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Abstract

The interaction between enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EPBR) and biological nitrogen removal may result in EBPR failure in full-scale wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). This work studies one of the common causes of this failure: the presence of nitrate in the anaerobic phase, which may act as an inhibitor for polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAO) activity or may activate the competition between PAO and denitrifying bacteria for the carbon source. Several batch experiments were performed with different carbon sources (acetic acid, propionic acid and sucrose) at different nitrate concentrations using PAO-enriched sludge from two different pilot plants: an anaerobic/aerobic sequential batch reactor (SBR) and an anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic (A 2/O) continuous plant. The results imply that the operational conditions of the A 2/O pilot plant selected a PAO population capable of i) coexisting with nitrate without an inhibitory effect and ii) outcompeting denitrifying bacteria for the carbon source, in contrast to the SBR pilot plant where nitrate had an inhibitory effect on EBPR. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1508-1511
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume87
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Carbon source
  • Competition
  • Denitrification
  • EBPR
  • Inhibition
  • Nitrate

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