Understanding specific effects on the standard potential shifts of electrogenerated species in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquids

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Abstract

It has been established that the dependence of the E° values in function of the electrochemical media selected for a large amount of reversible redox probes in reduction and also in oxidation. For such a purpose several electroactive substances either in reduction (4-nitrotoluene, 1,3-dinitrobenzene, tetrakis(dimethylamino)ethylene, 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene, and 2,4,6-trinitroanisole) or oxidation (ferrocene, tetrathiofulvalene, tris-4-bromophenylamine, tris-4-tolylamine, and N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-para-phenylenediamine) have been studied in aprotic RTILs based on unsymmetrical organic cations (quaternary ammonium cations, such as 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium) and a weakly coordinating inorganic anion (anions with low Lewis basicities, e.g., BF4, PF6). Ion-pairing effects between imidazolium ions and anions and dianions for the electrochemically generated species, the solvation differences between BF4-/PF6- cations and dications as well as some different reaction mechanism pathways followed by these electrogenerated species in function of the solvent have also been carefully examined. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5968-5976
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume53
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Electrochemistry
  • Ion-pairing effects
  • Ionic liquids
  • Redox probes
  • Solvation effects

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