Umbilical cord blood transplantation in adults with advanced hodgkin's disease: High incidence of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease

José Luis Piñana, Jaime Sanz, Albert Esquirol, Rodrigo Martino, Alessandra Picardi, Pere Barba, Rocio Parody, Jorge Gayoso, Pau Montesinos, Stefano Guidi, Maria José Terol, Federico Moscardó, Carlos Solano, William Arcese, Miguel A. Sanz, Jorge Sierra, Guillermo Sanz

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. We report the outcome of 30 consecutive patients with Hodgkin disease (HD) who underwent single-unit UCBT. Most (90%) patients had failed previous autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The conditioning regimens were based on combinations of thiotepa, busulfan, cyclophosphamide or fludarabine, and antithymocyte globulin. The cumulative incidence (CI) of myeloid engraftment was 90% [95% confidence interval (C.I.), 74-98%] with a median of 18 d (range, 10-48). CI of acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) grades II-IV was 30% (95% C.I., 17-44%), while the incidence of chronic GVHD was 42% (95% C.I., 23-77%). The non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 100 d and 4 yr was 30% (95% C.I., 13-46%) and 47% (95% C.I., 29-65%), respectively. EBV-related post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (EBV-PTLD) accounted for more than one-third of transplant-related death, with an estimate incidence of 26% (95% C.I., 9-44). The incidence of relapse at 4 yr was 25% (95% C.I., 9-42%). Four-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 28% and 30%, respectively. Despite a high NRM and an unexpected high incidence of EBV-PTLD, UCBT in heavily pretreated HD patients is an option for patients lacking a suitable adult donor, provided the disease is not in refractory relapse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • EBV post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease
  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Umbilical cord blood transplantation

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