Umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells: New therapeutic weapons for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy?

Santiago Roura, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Antoni Bayes-Genis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most frequent etiology of non-ischemic heart failure. In a majority of cases the causal mechanism is unknown, giving rise to the term 'idiopathic' dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). Major pathological derangements include patchy interstitial fibrosis, degenerated cardiomyocytes, and dilatation of the cardiac chambers, but recent evidence suggests that disease progression may also have the signature of cardiac endothelial dysfunction. As we better understand the molecular basis of IDCM, novel therapeutic approaches, mainly gene transfer and cell-based therapies, are being explored. Cells with regenerative potential have been extensively tested in cardiac diseases of ischemic origin in both pre-clinical and clinical settings. However, whether cell therapy has any clinical value in IDCM patients is still being evaluated. This article is a concise summary of cell therapy studies for IDCM, with a focus on recent advances that highlight the vascular potential exhibited by umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCBMSCs). We also provide an overview of cardiac vasculature as a key regulator of subjacent myocardial integrity and function, and discuss the potential mechanisms of UCBMSC amelioration of IDCM myocardium. Consideration of these issues shows that these cells are conceivably new therapeutic agents for this complex and elusive human disorder.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-818
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume177
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Cell therapy
  • Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Therapeutic agents
  • Umbilical cord blood
  • Vascular potential

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells: New therapeutic weapons for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this