Ultrasound as a diagnostic and management tool in hidradenitis suppurativa patients: a multicentre study

A. Martorell, F. Alfageme Roldán, E. Vilarrasa Rull, R. Ruiz-Villaverde, J. Romaní De Gabriel, F. García Martínez, D. Vidal Sarro, M. Velasco Pastor, C. Ciudad Blanco, J. M. Segura Palacios, A. I. Rodríguez Bandera, J. C. Pascual Ramírez, C. Sancho Sánchez, N. Michelena De Gorosábel, X. Wortsman

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    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2019 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Background: It has been reported that clinical evaluation consistently underestimates the severity of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Objective: To determine the usefulness of ultrasound as a diagnostic tool in HS compared with clinical examination and to assess the subsequent modification of disease management. Methods: Cross-sectional multicentre study. Severity classification and therapeutic approach according to clinical vs. ultrasound examination were compared. Results: Of 143 HS patients were included. Clinical examination scored 38, 70 and 35 patients as Hurley stage I, II and III, respectively; with ultrasound examination, 21, 80 and 42 patients were staged with Hurley stage I, II and III disease, respectively (P < 0.01). In patients with stage I classification as determined by clinical examination, 44.7% changed to a more severe stage. Clinical examination indicated that 44.1%, 54.5% and 1.4% of patients would maintain, increase or decrease treatment, respectively. For ultrasound examination, these percentages were 31.5%, 67.1% and 1.4% (P < 0.01). Concordance between clinical and ultrasound intra-rater examination was 22.8% (P < 0.01); intra-rater and inter-rater (radiologist) ultrasound agreement was 94.9% and 81.7%, respectively (P < 0.01). Limitations: The inability to detect lesions that measure ≤0.1 mm or with only epidermal location. Conclusion: Ultrasound can modify the clinical staging and therapeutic management in HS by detecting subclinical disease.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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