Coherent control of regions with spatial excitation of populations and coherence between two lower states in three-level Λ -type quantum systems mediated by the self-induced transparency (SIT) phenomenon is theoretically investigated with one- and two-color ultrashort pulses and with pulse sequences beyond the slowly varying envelope (SVEA) and rotating wave (RWA) approximations. The effects of different parameters characterizing the pulses and the medium on the location as well as the width of such excited regions have been studied numerically by means of the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. It has been determined that with a scheme of two-pulse excitation one can effectively control the position at which the region is written and its width. In particular, the position of the excited region can be controlled by the area of the pulses. We find that the maximum value of the population transferred to the lower excited state depends on the detuning of the pulses with respect to the one-photon resonances, and that both position and width of the region also depend on the temporal duration of the pulses. We show how after the excited region is written, its position can be shifted by additional pulses. On the basis of numerical results, scaling laws are formulated for the reported phenomena. With such control, the width of the region excited inside the medium can be reduced to the order of the wavelength of the light. © 2007 The American Physical Society.
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Jan 2007|