Ultrasensitive binder-free glucose sensors based on the pyrolysis of in situ grown Cu MOF

Xuan Zhang, Jiangshui Luo, Pengyi Tang, Joan Ramon Morante, Jordi Arbiol, Cailing Xu, Qingfeng Li, Jan Fransaer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    53 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2017 Elsevier B.V. A non-enzymatic glucose sensor based on carbon/Cu composite materials was developed by the in-situ growth and subsequent pyrolysis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) on Cu foam. After pyrolysis, SEM, HRTEM and STEM-EELS were employed to clarify the hierarchical Cu@porous carbon electrode. It is found that the Cu nanoparticles are uniformly embedded in the carbon matrix, carbon matrix in close contact with the pyrolized carbon sheets. The electrocatalytic activity of the Cu@porous carbon matrix electrode for glucose sensing was explored by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry. The resulting Cu@porous carbon matrix electrode displays ultrahigh sensitivity (10.1 mA cm−2 mM−1), low detection limit (0.6 μM), short response time (less than 2 s) and good stability, indicating that the developed electrode is a promising glucose sensor.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)272-281
    JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
    Volume254
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

    Keywords

    • Carbon-metal composite materials
    • Electrodeposition
    • Glucose sensors
    • Metal-organic frameworks
    • Pyrolysis
    • Ultrasensitive

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