© 2017 Llauradó et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Objectives: The aim of the study was to develop a novel risk estimation model for predicting silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and no clinical cardiovascular disease, evaluating the potential role of insulin resistance in such a model. Additionally, the accuracy of this model was compared with currently available models for predicting clinical coronary artery disease (CAD) in general and diabetic populations. Research, design and methods: Patients with T1DM (35-65years, >10-year duration) and no clinical cardiovascular disease were consecutively evaluated for: 1) clinical and anthropometric data (including classical cardiovascular risk factors), 2) insulin sensitivity (estimate of glucose disposal rate (eGDR)), and 3) SMI diagnosed by stress myocardial perfusion gated SPECTs. Results: Eighty-four T1DM patients were evaluated [50.1±9.3 years, 50% men, 36.9% active smokers, T1DM duration: 19.0(15.9-27.5) years and eGDR 7.8(5.5-9.4)mg·kg-1·min-1]. Of these, ten were diagnosed with SMI (11.9%). Multivariate logistic regression models showed that only eGDR (OR = -0.593, p = 0.005) and active smoking (OR = 7.964, p = 0.018) were independently associated with SMI. The AUC of the ROC curve of this risk estimation model for predicting SMI was 0.833 (95%CI:0.692-0.974), higher than those obtained with the use of currently available models for predicting clinical CAD (Framingham Risk Equation: 0.833 vs. 0.688, p = 0.122; UKPDS Risk Engine (0.833 vs. 0.559; p = 0.001) and EDC equation: 0.833 vs. 0.558, p = 0.027). Conclusion: This study provides the first ever reported risk-estimation model for predicting SMI in T1DM. The model only includes insulin resistance and active smoking as main predictors of SMI.