Trophic impact of long-lived species indicated by population dynamics in the short-lived hydrozoan Eudendrium racemosum

Sergio Rossi, Lorenzo Bramanti, Elisabetta Broglio, Josep María Gili

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Population dynamics, morphology, density, lipid contents and prey capture rates were studied in a patchy population of the tree-like passive suspension feeder Eudendrium racemosum (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) during seasonal cycles. Density and size of colonies oscillated due to intraspecific competition (following the self-thinning rule) and predation (nudibranchs) showing size distributions in which alternatively large-and small-sized colonies were more abundant. Increase in the trophic impact on the water column was correlated with colony size (30.7 mg C m-2 d-1 in late spring-early summer compared with 10.2 mg C m-2 d-1 in the rest of the year). Lipid accumulation in the hydrocauli followed the same trend, being higher during the reproductive period (140 μg lipids mg-1 organic matter [OM]) compared with the rest of the year (70 μg lipids mg-1 OM). The short time cyclic variations reproduce, in a short time scale, the variations studied in other benthic suspension feeders, suggesting E. racemosum as a model organism to better understand the importance of large colonies in long-lived species in benthic-pelagic coupling processes. The accordance with the self-thinning rule found for this animal species strengthens the animal forest concept (a 3-dimensional live structure composed mainly by heterotrophic organisms such as gorgonians, bryozoans, and sponges), confirming the validity of the utilization, by marine ecologists, of the conceptual tools developed for terrestrial forest sciences. It is suggested that the impact of mature populations on benthic-pelagic coupling and biogeochemical cycles, simulated for long-lived species, could be validated by studying fast-growing species, in order to understand the importance of the preservation of complex structures and long-lived eco-engineering organisms in benthic habitats. © Inter-Research 2012.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-111
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume467
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Animal forest
  • Benthic suspension feeder
  • Benthic-pelagic coupling
  • Ecosystem engineering
  • Energy storage
  • Hydroids
  • Self-thinning rule
  • Trophic ecology

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