Tripodal halogen bonding iodo-azolium receptors for anion recognition

Sheila Ruiz-Botella, Pietro Vidossich, Gregori Ujaque, Eduardo Peris, Paul D. Beer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


© The Royal Society of Chemistry. The synthesis, characterization and anion binding properties of 1,3,5-tri-substituted benzene platform-based tripodal receptors containing halogen bonding (XB) iodo-imidazolium and iodo-triazolium motifs, and hydrogen bonding (HB) analogues are described. Proton NMR anion binding investigations reveal the XB receptors are superior halide complexants compared to hydrogen bonding (HB) receptor analogues, with the iodo-imidazolium tripodal receptor exhibiting notably higher association constant values in comparison to the iodo-triazolium host system. In contrast, the HB tripod receptors, display higher affinities for dihydrogen phosphate than the XB receptors. Computational DFT and molecular dynamics were used to corroborate the experimental observations, and to give a clearer insight into the intimate nature of halide binding. The studies reveal a fundamental different binding behavior for the imidazolium-based and the iodo-imidazolium-based receptors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11253-11258
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


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