© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Introduction: The addition of monoclonal antibody (mAb) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors to classic chemotherapy doublet backbones has improved survival of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, the role of triple-drug chemotherapy regimens in combination with an anti-EGFR mAb inhibitor is not yet clear. Areas covered: The activity of triple-drug chemotherapy regimens when combined with an anti-EGFR mAb in mCRC patients is examined. We describe the overall safety and tolerability profiles based on a literature review of all published phase I and II clinical trials in this setting. Drug exposure, tumor mutational status, and metastases resectability are discussed. A review of PubMed and abstracts of major oncology congresses from 2009 to 2018, with MeSH and full-text search terms for clinical trials of anti-EGFR for ‘metastatic’ or ‘advanced’ ‘colorectal cancer/adenocarcinoma’ was implemented. Only English language publications were included. Expert opinion: Efficacy data from phase II trials are promising, but the safety profiles are not as encouraging; the development of severe diarrhea and acneiform rash limit the drug exposure that is critical for improved outcomes. Phase II studies of these triplet chemotherapy/anti-EGFR mAb combinations have focused on conversion therapy in liver-limited disease or in the first-line setting in advanced disease. The identification of biomarkers of response and toxicity may support the use of personalized medicine and more precise design of phase III trials.
- antibody therapies
- epidermal grow factor receptor
- Metastatic colorectal cancer
- triple-drug chemotherapy