Objective: The aim of this study is to define the best local treatment in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of mobile tongue in the early stages (I-II) and to establish the best election for neck management. Material and Methods: We evaluated 90 patients classified as stage I and II between 1984 and 1999. Sixty-eight patients out of the ninety (75%) were treated with radio-therapy and twenty-two (25%) with surgery. Neck disection was used in 39% (35/90) of patients. Results: The rates of ultimate local control for T1NO lesions were similar for both treatment groups (94% vs. 95%). For T2N0 lesions the ultimate local control did improved in those patients treated with surgery (100%) compared to those that had radiotherapy (77%). Regional control was better in the group that underwent neck disection compared to the group that had just ganglionar control (89% vs. 79%). Conclusions: We recommend local surgical treatment for T1-T2NO and in our experience prophylactic treatment of lymph nodes leads to a better regional control.
- Tongue cancer