Transnational turnout. Determinants of emigrant voting in home country elections

Irina Ciornei*, Eva Østergaard-Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Web of Science)


A wide majority of countries acknowledge non-resident citizens' right to vote in elections in their country of origin. However, classical turnout theories do not take into account how electoral mobilisation has expanded into a transnational political field that reaches beyond national state borders. This paper analyses the determinants of emigrant turnout based on an original dataset of 25 countries of origin and each of the counties of residence where these voters reside. We find that emigrant communities from developing democracies experience a steep political learning curve that prompts their participation in home country politics, especially if they reside in countries with solid democratic institutions and linkages with their host societies. Our research also shows that remittances not only indicate commitment to family members’ welfare in home countries, but positively influence participation in home country politics.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number102145
Number of pages10
JournalPolitical Geography
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020


  • Extra-territorial voting
  • Migration
  • Political participation
  • Transnationalism
  • Turnout


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