Transfer of selected mineral nutrients and trace elements in the host-hemiparasite association, Cistus-Odontites lutea, growing on and off metal-polluted sites

M. Llugany, A. Lombini, E. Dinelli, C. Poschenrieder, J. Barceló

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of a hemiparasitic life-style in plant resistance to toxic trace elements in polluted soils is unclear. Restriction of metal uptake by the host, restriction of metal transfer from host to parasite, or transformation of metals into a less toxic form may play a role. This study analysed the transfer of selected mineral elements from soil to host (Cistus spp.) and from host to hemiparasite (Odontites lutea) at locations with different metal burdens: a Cu-rich serpentine site, Pb-Ba mine spoil and an unpolluted soil. Highest soil-to-host transfer factors for K, Mg, Ca, Zn, Cu and Pb were observed on the unpolluted soil. Statistically significant differences among locations of host-to-parasite transfer factors were only found for Ca and Pb. Restriction of transfer of unfavourable Ca/Mg ratios, characteristic at the serpentine site, and of high Pb and Zn concentrations at the Pb-Ba mine occurred mainly at the soil-host, and not at the host-parasite, level. Odontites lutea was able to withstand enhanced Zn and Pb concentrations and low Fe/Cu ratios in shoot tissue without developing toxicity symptoms. This could be caused by specific metal resistance mechanisms in this hemiparasite and/or the transformation and transfer of these metals into a less toxic form by the metal-tolerant host. © 2008 German Botanical Society and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-178
JournalPlant Biology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Cistus monspelliensis
  • Cistus salviifolius
  • Hemiparasite
  • Host-parasite transfer
  • Metal toxicity
  • Odontites lutea
  • Serpentine

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