Background: A new reference material for the liver enzyme aspartate transaminase (AST) (L-aspartate: 2-oxoglutarate-aminotransferase, EC 220.127.116.11), also called aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT), has been developed under the code ERM-AD457/IFCC. This certified reference material (CRM) for AST has been produced from a human type recombinant AST expressed in Escherichia coli and a buffer containing bovine serum albumin, and has been lyophilised. Methods: The homogeneity and the stability of the material have been tested and the catalytic activity concentration has been characterised by 12 laboratories using the reference procedure for AST at 37°C from the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC). Results: The certified catalytic activity concentration and certified uncertainty of AST in the reconstituted material are (1.74±0.05) μkat/L or (104.6±2.7) U/L (with a coverage factor k=2; 95% confidence interval). Conclusions: Both the certified value and uncertainty are traceable to the International System of Units (SI). The material is aiming to control the IFCC reference procedure for AST at 37°C, which will then be used to assign values to calibrants and control materials. The present paper highlights the scientific challenges and innovations which were encountered during the development of this new CRM. Clin Chem Lab Med 2010;48:795-803. © 2010 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin New York.
- Aspartate aminotransferase
- Aspartate transaminase
- Certified Reference Material
- IFCC reference measurement procedure