Trace metal contents in Parmelia caperata (L.) Ach. compared to bulk deposition, throughfall and leaf-wash fluxes in two holm oak forests in Montseny (NE Spain)

A. Rodrigo, A. Avila, A. Gómez-Bolea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The metal concentrations of V, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg and Pb were analysed in distilled water extracts of Parmelia caperata and in bulk deposition, throughfall and an experimental in situ washing of leaves at two forests at Montseny (NE Spain) submitted to differential exposure to the industrial and traffic activities around Barcelona. Lichen concentrations of Zn, Cu, V, and Cd were higher at the site of greater exposure to pollutants. Consistently, there was higher dry deposition of these metals at the more exposed site. The order of abundance of trace metals in the lichen was similar to that in the deposition variables, although Pb and Cu had intermediate concentrations in the lichen but were very low in the deposition measurements. This indicated the higher affinity of Pb and Cu for the exchange sites in the lichen cell wall and the fact that lichens accumulated Pb for the last 12-18 y when emissions were much higher than today. The ability of Parmelia caperata to indicate the deposition of heavy metals, together with its easy sampling and handling, its broad distribution and its easy identification suggest that the lichen extract procedure described here could be used to establish gradients of atmospheric deposition of heavy metals at a general geographic level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-367
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1999

Keywords

  • Atmospheric deposition
  • Bulk deposition
  • Parmelia caperata
  • Quercus ilex
  • Throughfall
  • Trace metal

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Trace metal contents in Parmelia caperata (L.) Ach. compared to bulk deposition, throughfall and leaf-wash fluxes in two holm oak forests in Montseny (NE Spain)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this