Toxicology (Pb, Hg, Cd, As, Al, Cr, and Others)

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This chapter starts with an introduction to toxicity by highlighting the thin line that separates essentiality from toxicity. Afterwards, the general features that make chemical elements toxic for living systems are summarized. The quintessentially toxic elements (Pb, Hg, Cd, As, Al, and Cr) are treated separately. In each case, the toxic species, their origin, their known targets, and the consequences for the health derived from the contamination of organisms are detailed. Some essential elements that are relevant because of their toxicity (Ni, Sn, and Se) are also treated. Finally, some therapeutic (detoxification) and/or natural detoxication systems/procedures are included. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComprehensive Inorganic Chemistry II (Second Edition): From Elements to Applications
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013


  • Aluminum toxicity
  • Arsenic toxicity
  • Cadmium toxicity
  • Chromium toxicity
  • Detoxication
  • Detoxification
  • Heavy metal toxicity
  • Lead toxicity
  • Mercury toxicity
  • Metalloid toxicity
  • Nickel toxicity
  • Selenium toxicity
  • Tin toxicity


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