© 2018 ESVD and ACVD Background: Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) in golden retrievers is due to a PNPLA1 gene mutation, which plays a role in epidermal lipid organization and metabolism. Topical therapies are used to reduce scaling; however, there are few published efficacy studies. Objectives: To examine the efficacy of topical treatment based on gluconolactone, a polyhydroxy acid with known beneficial effects on stratum corneum structure. Animals: Sixteen golden retriever dogs with clinical signs of ARCI and PCR-confirmed PNPLA1 gene mutation. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre, noncontrolled study. Dogs were treated with a shampoo and lotion containing gluconolactone and other hydroxyl acids. Treatments were administered initially twice weekly for two weeks, then once weekly for two weeks and finally once monthly. Examinations were performed prior to and at 14 and 30 days of treatment to assess scaling, presence of other skin lesions and pruritus. In two dogs, pre- and 30 day post-treatment, skin biopsies were obtained. Results: The extent and size of the scales were reduced by 60% and 75% after 14 and 30 days of treatment, respectively (P < 0.001). In 20% of the dogs, scaling was no longer observed after the first 30 days of treatment. No other skin lesions or pruritus were observed in any dog. Post-treatment biopsies showed normalization of the stratum corneum morphology and reduced hyperpigmentation. Conclusion and clinical importance: The frequent use of a shampoo and lotion containing gluconolactone may be an effective measure to improve skin scaling in golden retrievers with ARCI.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2018|