To what extent is personality associated with time perspective?

Anna Muro, Judit Castellà, Cristina Sotoca, Santiago Estaún, Sergi Valero, Montserrat Gomà-I-Freixanet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015, Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia. Recent research has focused on behavioral correlates of tem-poral perspective (TP), suggesting that this individual difference has an in-fluence on many health-related behaviors such as smoking and substance use, physical activity or life satisfaction. It is suggested that a consistently biased temporal orientation is associated with some psychiatric disorders and mediated by personality factors. However, few studies have explored the relationship between personality and TP from a psychobiological ap-proach. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) and the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) in a sample of 196 under-graduate students through a multiple regression analysis. Results showed that: Past-Negative correlated positively with Neuroticism-Anxiety and negatively with Activity; Present Hedonistic correlated positively with Im-pulsive-Sensation Seeking and Sociability in a very high degree; and Future correlated positively with Neuroticism-Anxiety and Activity, and negatively with Impulsive-Sensation Seeking. Results are discussed in terms of the definition of both scales, their relationships and their implications in ap-plied fields.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-493
JournalAnales de Psicologia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Personality
  • Time perspective
  • ZKPQ
  • ZTPI


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