Time course study of long-term biocompatibility and foreign body reaction to intraneural polyimide-based implants

Natàlia de la Oliva, Xavier Navarro, Jaume del Valle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The foreign body reaction (FBR) against an implanted device is characterized by the formation of a fibrotic tissue around the implant. In the case of interfaces for peripheral nerves, used to stimulate specific group of axons and to record different nerve signals, the FBR induces a matrix deposition around the implant creating a physical separation between nerve fibers and the interface that may reduce its functionality over time. In order to understand how the FBR to intraneural interfaces evolves, polyimide non-functional devices were implanted in rat peripheral nerve. Functional tests (electrophysiological, pain and locomotion) and histological evaluation demonstrated that implanted devices did not cause any alteration in nerve function, in myelinated axons or in nerve architecture. The inflammatory response due to the surgical implantation decreased after 2 weeks. In contrast, inflammation was higher and more prolonged in the device implanted nerves with a peak after 2 weeks. With regard to tissue deposition, a tissue capsule appeared soon around the devices, acquiring maximal thickness at 2 weeks and being remodeled subsequently. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed two different cell types implicated in the FBR in the nerve: macrophages as the first cells in contact with the interface and fibroblasts that appear later at the edge of the capsule. Our results describe how the FBR against a polyimide implant in the peripheral nerve occurs and which are the main cellular players. Increasing knowledge of these responses will help to improve strategies to decrease the FBR against intraneural implants and to extend their usability. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 106A: 746–757, 2018.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)746-757
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • biocompatibility
  • foreign body reaction
  • nerve electrode
  • peripheral nerve interface
  • polyimide

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