The selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) are substances with estrogenic/anti-estrogen effect that act differently depending on the tissue and composition. Since the discovery that tamoxifen and raloxifene (RLX) had a breast cancer preventive effect, the search for the perfect SERM has been the goal. Thus, ospemifen, arzoxifene, lasofoxifene and bazedoxifene (BZA) appeared as third-generation SERMs. Among all them, only BZA reached the stage of clinical use. BZA has been shown to have an anti-estrogen effect in experimental studies, but not a protective effect on clinical breast cancer in pivotal clinical trials (301 and extensions). However, in these studies comparing BZA versus RLX and placebo, RLX has not shown the expected preventive effect on breast cancer. This lack of effect can be the consequence of the size and characteristics of BZA's studies in a population with low incidence of breast cancer.
- Breast cancer
- Selective estrogen receptor modulators