Thermally activated site exchange and quantum exchange coupling processes in unsymmetrical trihydride osmium compounds

Amaya Castillo, Guada Barea, Miguel A. Esteruelas, Fernando J. Lahoz, Agustí Lledós, Feliu Maseras, Javier Modrego, Enrique Oñate, Luis A. Oro, Natividad Ruiz, Eduardo Sola

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Reaction of the hexahydride complex OsH6(PiPr3)2 (1) with pyridine-2-thiol leads to the trihydride derivative OsH3{K-N,K-S-(2-Spy)}(PiPr3)2 (2). The structure of 2 has been determined by X-ray diffraction. The geometry around the osmium atom can be described as a distorted pentagonal bipyramid with the phosphine ligands occupying axial positions. The equatorial plane contains the pyridine-2-thiolato group, attached through a bite angle of 65.7(1)°, and the three hydride ligands. The theoretical structure determination of the model complex OsH3{K-N,K-S-(2-Spy)}(PH3)2 (2a) reveals that the hydride ligands form a triangle with sides of 1.623, 1.714, and 2.873 Å, respectively. A topological analysis of the electr̀on density of 2a indicates that there is no significant electron density connecting the hydrogen atoms of the OsH3 unit. In solution, the hydride ligands of 2 undergo two different thermally activated site exchange processes, which involve the central hydride with each hydride ligand situated close to the donor atoms of the chelate group. The activation barriers of both processes are similar. Theoretical calculations suggest that the transition states have a cis-hydride-dihydrogen nature. In addition to the thermally activated exchange processes, complex 2 shows quantum exchange coupling between the central hydride and the one situated close to the sulfur atom of the pyridine-2-thiolato group. The reactions of 1 with L-valine and 2-hydroxypyridine afford OsH3{K-N,K-O-OC(O)CH[CH(CH3)2]NH 2}(PiPr3)2 (3) and OsH3{K-N,K-O-(2-Opy)}(PiPr3)2 (4) respectively, which according to their spectroscopic data have a similar structure to that of 2. In solution, the hydride ligands of 3 and 4 also undergo two different thermally activated site exchange processes. However, they do not show quantum exchange coupling. The tetranuclear complexes [(PiPr3)2H3Os(μ-biim)M(TFB)] 2 [M = Rh (5), Ir (6); H2biim = 2, 2′-biimidazole; TFB = tetrafluorobenzobarrelene] have been prepared by reaction of OsH3(Hbiim)(PiPr3)2 with the dimers [M(μ-OMe)(TFB)]2 (M = Rh, Ir). In solution the hydride ligands of these complexes, which form two chemically equivalent unsymmetrical OsH3 units, undergo two thermally activated site exchanges and show two different quantum exchange coupling processes. © 1999 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1814-1824
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999


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