Thermal transport in porous Si nanowires from approach-to-equilibrium molecular dynamics calculations

Xavier Cartoixà, Riccardo Dettori, Claudio Melis, Luciano Colombo, Riccardo Rurali

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Author(s). We study thermal transport in porous Si nanowires (SiNWs) by means of approach-to-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. We show that the presence of pores greatly reduces the thermal conductivity, κ, of the SiNWs as long mean free path phonons are suppressed. We address explicitly the dependence of κ on different features of the pore topology - such as the porosity and the pore diameter - and on the nanowire (NW) geometry - diameter and length. We use the results of the molecular dynamics calculations to tune an effective model, which is capable of capturing the dependence of κ on porosity and NW diameter. The model illustrates the failure of Matthiessen's rule to describe the coupling between boundary and pore scattering, which we account for by the inclusion of an additional empirical term.
Original languageEnglish
Article number013107
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2016

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