The view of experts on initiatives to be undertaken to promote equity in the access to orphan drugs and specialised care for rare diseases in Spain: A Delphi consensus

J. Torrent-Farnell, M. Comellas, J. L. Poveda, I. Abaitua, L. G. Gutiérrez-Solana, J. Pérez-López, J. Cruz, J. Urcelay, L. Lizán

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Objectives: To reach a consensus amongst experts on the most feasible actions to be undertaken to facilitate patient access to specialised care and orphan drugs (OD) in the public health sector in Spain. Methods: Two Delphi rounds were completed. The questionnaire was based on a literature review and 2 focus groups. Agreement was sought on the desire (D) and prognosis (P) for the implementation within the next 5 years, on a 5-point Likert scale. Consensus was reached when ≥75% participants chose agreement (1–2) or disagreement options (4–5). Results: 82 experts on rare disease (RD) participated. Agreement on the D and P was reached in 66.07% statements: OD pricing review [absence of clinical effectiveness (D:85.37%; P:85.90%), target population increase (D:79.27%; P:91.03%)]; reference team definition of referral protocols and clinical practice guidelines (D: 97.56%; P: 89.74%); and a unified, usable, etiology-based registry (D:97.56%; P:84.62%). D and P assessment diverged in 32.14% items: creation of a specific funding system for OD (D: 97.56%; P: 60.25%); and a network of medical teams to coordinate the care of RD patients (D: 99%; P: 62%). Conclusions: The results have shown the need to promote dialogue between stakeholders, introduce European recommendation to national and regional Spanish policies and set up priorities and undertake actions to drive relevant changes in current medical practice in managing RD patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-598
JournalHealth Policy
Volume122
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Delphi technique
  • Expert consensus
  • Orphan drugs
  • Rare diseases
  • Spain

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