The validation of an in vitro colonic motility assay as a biomarker for gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions

Christopher Keating, Vicente Martinez, Lorna Ewart, Stephen Gibbons, Luke Grundy, Jean Pierre Valentin, David Grundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motility-related gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions (GADRs), such as constipation and diarrhea, are some of the most frequently reported adverse events associated with the clinical development of new chemical entities, and for marketed drugs. However, biomarkers capable of detecting such GADRs are lacking. Here, we describe an in vitro assay developed to detect and quantify changes in intestinal motility as a surrogate biomarker for constipation/diarrhea-type GADRs. In vitro recordings of intraluminal pressure were used to monitor the presence of colonic peristaltic motor complexes (CPMCs) in mouse colonic segments. CPMC frequency, contractile and total mechanical activity were assessed. To validate the assay, two experimental protocols were conducted. Initially, five drugs with known gastrointestinal effects were tested to determine optimal parameters describing excitation and inhibition as markers for disturbances in colonic motility. This was followed by a "blinded" evaluation of nine drugs associated with or without clinically identified constipation/diarrhea-type GADRs. Concentration-response relationships were determined for these drugs and the effects were compared with their maximal free therapeutic plasma concentration in humans. The assay detected stimulatory and inhibitory responses, likely correlating to the occurrence of diarrhea or constipation. Concentration-related effects were identified and potential mechanisms of action were inferred for several drugs. Based on the results from the fourteen drugs asssessed, the sensitivity of the assay was calculated at 90%, with a specificity of 75% and predictive capacity of 86%. These results support the potential use of this assay in screening for motility-related GADRs during early discovery phase, safety pharmacology assessment. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-309
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume245
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Adverse drug reactions
  • Biomarkers
  • Colonic motility
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Safety assessment

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