The unfolding pathway and conformational stability of potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor

Jui Yoa Chang, Li Li, Francesc Canals, Francesc X. Aviles

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37 Citations (Scopus)


The unfolding and denaturation curves of potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor (PCI) were investigated using the technique of disulfide scrambling. In the presence of denaturant and thiol initiator, the native PCI denatures by shuffling its native disulfide bonds and converts to form a mixture of scrambled PCI that consists of 9 out of a possible 14 isomers. The denaturation curve is determined by the fraction of native PCI converted to scrambled isomers under increasing concentrations of denaturant. The concentration of guanidine thiocyanate, guanidine hydrochloride, and urea required to denature 50% of the native PCI was found to be 0.7, 1.45, and 8 M, respectively. The PCI unfolding curve was constructed through the analysis of structures of scrambled isomers that were denatured under increasing concentrations of denaturant. These results reveal the existence of structurally defined unfolding intermediates and a progressive expansion of the polypeptide chain. The yield of the beads-form isomer (Cys8-Cys12, Cys18-Cys24, and Cys27-Cys34) as a fraction of total denatured PCI was shown to be directly proportional to the strength of the denaturing condition. Furthermore, the PCI sequence was unable to fold quantitatively into a single native structure. Under physiological conditions, the scrambled isomers of PCI that constitute about 4% of the protein were in equilibrium with native PCI.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14205-14211
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2000


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