The Spirit Is within Us! Ritual Practices of Latin American Pentecostals in Barcelona

Wilson Muñoz-Henríquez, M. Esther Fernández-Mostaza*, José Julián Soto Lara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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In recent years, Christian Pentecostalism has been one of the most successful religious movements in the province of Barcelona, while the high level of immigration from Latin America has clearly been an influential factor in its development. Yet, despite the fact that Pentecostalism has played a prominent role in religious diversification in Catalonia, it has been the subject of very few studies. This paper seeks to address this gap in research and shed light on an area of fundamental importance to the movement: its ritual dimension. Drawing on ethnographic information from the Iglesia Evangélica el Vallès (Canovelles), we describe and analyze the principal channels of communication with the sacred established by the Latin American Pentecostals. In our conclusions, we show that the communicative practices developed during worship are oriented toward manifesting the presence of the Holy Spirit, leading to the emergence of ritual condensation around this symbolic force. For this purpose, practices such as “praise”, the “laying on of hands” and “speaking in tongues” establish sequential and progressive communication with the Holy Spirit throughout the process of worship, culminating in mimetic communication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number501
Number of pages11
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022


  • Communication
  • Latin American Pentecostalism
  • Ritual

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