TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of many-body interactions in the stability of hydrated Cu2+ clusters

AU - Cordeiro, M. Natália D.S.

AU - Gomes, José A.N.F.

AU - González-Lafont, Angels

AU - Lluch, José Maria

AU - Bertrán, Juan

PY - 1990/3/1

Y1 - 1990/3/1

N2 - The effects of three-body and, in a few cases, four-body and higher-order terms were studied for several Cu2+-(H2O)n (n up to 8) clusters proposed as models of the first hydration shell of the Cu2+ ion. This is based on ab initio SCF calculations performed for the n=6 cluster and for all the required tetramer, trimer and dimer subunits of this cluster and of the n = 8 cluster. The computed many-body results show that the three-body terms are non-negligible and lead to strong repulsive contributions to the total pairwise additive interaction energy of the Cu2+-(H2O)n systems. Pronounced changes on the hydration number (n) and on the optimal CuO distances (r) of this ion's first shell are obtained when two-body terms (n = 8, r = 2.09 Å)alone are considered or three-body terms (n = 6, r = 2.15 Å) are included. The four-body terms are found to be quite small in comparison with the three-body terms. The remaining higher-order terms are shown to be even much smaller than the four-body terms, thus indicating a rapid convergence of the many-body expansion of the interaction energy for this hydrated ion. This work suggests that, when a simple model is required for the interaction potential of metal ions with water, as it is the case in Monte Carlo or molecular dynamics simulations, a good degree of accuracy depends on supplementing the usual pairwise additive type of potential by three-body terms, and modelling of these depends on detailed studies of the type presented here. © 1990.

AB - The effects of three-body and, in a few cases, four-body and higher-order terms were studied for several Cu2+-(H2O)n (n up to 8) clusters proposed as models of the first hydration shell of the Cu2+ ion. This is based on ab initio SCF calculations performed for the n=6 cluster and for all the required tetramer, trimer and dimer subunits of this cluster and of the n = 8 cluster. The computed many-body results show that the three-body terms are non-negligible and lead to strong repulsive contributions to the total pairwise additive interaction energy of the Cu2+-(H2O)n systems. Pronounced changes on the hydration number (n) and on the optimal CuO distances (r) of this ion's first shell are obtained when two-body terms (n = 8, r = 2.09 Å)alone are considered or three-body terms (n = 6, r = 2.15 Å) are included. The four-body terms are found to be quite small in comparison with the three-body terms. The remaining higher-order terms are shown to be even much smaller than the four-body terms, thus indicating a rapid convergence of the many-body expansion of the interaction energy for this hydrated ion. This work suggests that, when a simple model is required for the interaction potential of metal ions with water, as it is the case in Monte Carlo or molecular dynamics simulations, a good degree of accuracy depends on supplementing the usual pairwise additive type of potential by three-body terms, and modelling of these depends on detailed studies of the type presented here. © 1990.

U2 - 10.1016/0301-0104(90)87071-I

DO - 10.1016/0301-0104(90)87071-I

M3 - Article

VL - 141

SP - 379

EP - 392

JO - Chemical Physics

JF - Chemical Physics

SN - 0301-0104

IS - 2-3

ER -