The role of carbon monoxide on the anti-nociceptive effects and expression of cannabinoid 2 receptors during painful diabetic neuropathy in mice

Sílvia Castany, Mireia Carcolé, Sergi Leánez, Olga Pol*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale: The activation of cannabinoid 2 receptors (CB2R) attenuates chronic pain, but the role played by carbon monoxide synthesized by the inducible heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) on the anti-nociceptive effects produced by a selective CB2R agonist, JWH-015, during painful diabetic neuropathy remains unknown. Objectives and methods: In streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice, the anti-allodynic and anti-hyperalgesic effects of the subcutaneous administration of JWH-015 alone or combined with the intraperitoneal administration of a carbon monoxide-releasing molecule (tricarbonyldichlororuthenium(II) dimer (CORM-2)) or an HO-1 inducer compound (cobalt protoporphyrin IX (CoPP)) at 10 mg/kg were evaluated. Reversion of JWH-015 anti-nociceptive effects by the administration of an HO-1 inhibitor (tin protoporphyrin IX (SnPP)) and a CB2R antagonist (AM630) was also evaluated. Furthermore, the protein levels of HO-1, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1), and CB2R in diabetic mice treated with CORM-2 and CoPP alone or combined with JWH-015 were also assessed. Results: The administration of JWH-015 dose dependently inhibited hypersensitivity induced by diabetes. The effects of JWH-015 were enhanced by their coadministration with CORM-2 or CoPP and reversed by SnPP or AM630. The increased protein levels of HO-1 induced by CORM-2 and CoPP treatments were further enhanced in JWH-015-treated mice. All treatments similarly enhanced the peripheral expression of CB2R and avoided the spinal cord over-expression of NOS1 induced by diabetes. Conclusions: The activation of HO-1 enhanced the anti-nociceptive effects of JWH-015 in diabetic mice, suggesting that coadministration of JWH-015 with CORM-2 or CoPP might be an interesting approach for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy in mice.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2209-2219
Number of pages11
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume233
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Analgesia
  • Cannabinoid receptors
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Diabetes
  • Heme oxygenases
  • Nitric oxide synthases
  • Painful diabetic neuropathy

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