The role of amide ligands in the stabilization of Pd(II) tricoordinated complexes: Is the Pd-NR<inf>2</inf> bond order single or higher?

Salvador Moncho, Gregori Ujaque, Pablo Espinet, Feliu Maseras, Agustí Lledós

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Abstract

The existence of tricoordinated Pd(II) complexes has been a matter of controversy for a long time. The recent X-ray characterization of a family of Pd complexes [PdArXL] allowed to certify the existence of true tricoordinated Pd(II) species. The unique role played by the amido ligand (X = NR2), among a family of X ligands, was noticed in a previous computational work. Here, the influence of the R substituents at the amide and the nature of the Pd-Namido bond are theoretically analyzed. The relative stability of d 8 tricoordinated [PdLAr(NR2)] complexes versus d 8 tetracoordinated derivatives as a function of the R substituents is studied by analyzing the two most common ways to fill the vacant coordination site in a tricoordinated complex: solvent coordination (with tetrahydrofuran as solvent), or dimerization giving [(μ-NR2)2Pd 2L2Ar2]) complexes. The nature of the Pd-N bonding interaction is analyzed using several theoretical schemes as molecular orbitals, QTAIM, ELF and NBO. Each of these schemes suggests that the order of the Pd-N bond in this family of complexes is higher than one. An asymmetric π interaction between the nitrogen lone pair and the LUMO over the tricoordinated Pd center is proposed as an important source of additional stabilization of tricoordinated species provided by amido ligands. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-84
JournalTheoretical Chemistry Accounts
Volume123
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2009

Keywords

  • Amide ligands
  • Palladium chemistry
  • Theoretical transition metal chemistry

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