The questionnaire of experiences associated with video games (CERV): An instrument to detect the problematic use of video games in spanish adolescents

Andres Chamarro, Xavier Carbonell, Josep Maria Manresa, Raquel Munoz-Miralles, Raquel Ortega-Gonzalez, M. Rosa Lopez-Morron, Carme Batalla-Martinez, Pere Toran-Monserrat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Edita Socidrogalcohol. All rights reserved. The aim of this study is to validate the Video Game-Related Experiences Questionnaire (CERV in Spanish). The questionnaire consists of 17 items, developed from the CERI (Internet-Related Experiences Questionnaire - Beranuy and cols.), and assesses the problematic use of non-massive video games. It was validated for adolescents in Compulsory Secondary Education. To validate the questionnaire, a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and an internal consistency analysis were carried out. The factor structure shows two factors: (a) Psychological dependence and use for evasion; and (b) Negative consequences of using video games. Two cut-off points were established for people with no problems in their use of video games (NP), with potential problems in their use of video games (PP), and with serious problems in their use of video games (SP). Results show that there is higher prevalence among males and that problematic use decreases with age. The CERV seems to be a good instrument for the screening of adolescents with difficulties deriving from video game use. Further research should relate problematic video game use with difficulties in other life domains, such as the academic field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-311
JournalAdicciones
Volume26
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Computer games
  • Internet gaming disorder
  • Questionnaires
  • Validation studies
  • Video game addiction
  • Video games

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