The Proteolytic Activity of Philibertia gilliesii Latex. Purification of Philibertain g II

Cynthia Sequeiros, María J. Torres, Marina L. Nievas, Néstor O. Caffini, Claudia L. Natalucci, Laura M.I. López, Sebastián A. Trejo

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    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. The latex from the patagonic plant Philibertia gilliesii Hook. et Arn. (Apocynaceae) is a milky-white suspension containing a proteolytic system constituted by several cysteine endopeptidases. A proteolytic preparation (philibertain g) from the latex of P. gilliesii fruits was obtained and characterized to evaluate its potential use in bioprocesses. Philibertain g contained 1.2 g/L protein and a specific (caseinolytic) activity of 7.0 Ucas/mg protein. It reached 80 % of its maximum caseinolytic activity in the pH 7–10 range, retained 80 % of the original activity after 2 h of incubation at temperatures ranging from 25 to 45 °C and could be fully inactivated after 5 min at 75 °C. Philibertain g retained 60 % of the initial activity even at 1 M NaCl and was able to hydrolyze proteins from stickwater one, of the main waste effluents generated during fishmeal production. Furthermore, as a contribution to the knowledge of the proteolytic system of P. gilliesii, we are reporting the purification of a new peptidase, named philibertain g II (pI 9.4, molecular mass 23,977 Da, N-terminus LPESVDWREKGVVFPXRNQ) isolated from philibertain g through a purification scheme including acetone fractionation, cation exchange, molecular exclusion chromatography, and ultrafiltration.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)332-346
    JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Volume179
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

    Keywords

    • Apocynaceae
    • Chromatography
    • Cysteine peptidase
    • Fish protein hydrolysates
    • Stickwater

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