The proposals for a European tax on CO2 and their implications for intercountry distribution

Emilio Padilla, Jordi Roca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyzes the advantages and implications of the implementation of a European tax on carbon dioxide emissions as an own resource of the EU and it focuses on its effects on intercountry distribution. In contrast to a harmonized tax, which would only have distributive effects within each member state, a tax collected at European scale would also have important distributive effects among different countries. These effects would also depend on the use of tax revenues. The paper investigates through a simple empirical analysis the distributive effects among the member states of three tax models: a pure CO 2 model; a 50%/50% energy-CO2 model and a CO2 model with a burden on nuclear power.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-295
JournalEnvironmental and Resource Economics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2004


  • Carbon tax
  • Distributive effects
  • Energy tax
  • European union
  • Inter-country distribution


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