The political effectiveness of the fraternity

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Abstract

© 2018 Universidad de Murcia Servicio de Publicaciones. All right reserved. Fraternity first rises from sensible experience, it becomes a rational concept in second place. Hence the difficulty to apprehend its dual nature as well as its political efficacy. Close to other concepts such as civic friendship, solidarity and humanism, it differs from all of them. By analysing the rise of fraternity during the French Revolution in the works of different authors (Mirabeau, Robespierre, Anacharsis Cloots, Louis Blanc, Flora Tristán, Karl Marx) in a very specific political and historical context - that of an economic crisis that transmutes into revolution and change - we reach the conclusion that fraternity is a force of collective action that emerges from the impasse between the individual and the collective and that calls for a restructuring of the established political order. Consequently, if we accept the premise that the human being is a political being, fraternity reveals part of our true political nature, understood as beyond a mere social contract, namely: that which arises when the human being seizes the word, directing it towards the others and combining it through action.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-57
JournalDaimon
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Fraternity
  • Human rights
  • Political philosophy
  • Popular sovereignty
  • Rational sense
  • Violence and terror

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