The study explores reasons behind conflicts regarding the installation of wind farms in Terra Alta, a rural county in Catalonia. Our study identifies three main causes of conflict. First, and in accordance to the coceptual framework of political ecology, the conflict forms part of a more generalised conflict regarding the «macro-concentration» of energy-generating plants in the south of Catalonia, which produce economic benefits for Catalonia's centre (e.g. Bar- celona). Secondly, the landscape impact of wind farm projects clashes with local initiatives that seek to promote landscape as a valuable asset capable of sustaining life in Terra Alta. Finally, power imbalances in the wind energy planning and decision-making system block the inclusion of locally-important values as decision-making criteria and this also generates conflict. For a sustainable development of wind energy, the importance of wind capacity as a principal criterion for deciding wind farm location should be re-considered and the negotiation of benefits' distribution from wind farms should be conducted in the most open and tranparent possible ways.
|Journal||Documents d' Analisi Geografica|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2012|
- Environmental conflict
- Political ecology
- Wind energy