Very little is known about the period function for large families of centers. In one of the pioneering works on this problem, Chicone  conjectured that all the centers encountered in the family of second-order differential equations ẍ = V (x, x ̇), being V a quadratic polynomial, should have a monotone period function. Chicone solved some of the cases but some others remain still unsolved. In this paper we fill up these gaps by using a new technique based on the existence of Lie symmetries and presented in . This technique can be used as well to reprove all the cases that were already solved, providing in this way a compact proof for all the quadratic second-order differential equations. We also prove that this property on the period function is no longer true when V is a polynomial which nonlinear part is homogeneous of degree n > 2.
- Period function
- Second-order quadratic odes