The onset of age-related benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is linked with changes in the expression of specific prostatic chemokines. The aim of this work was to characterize those most relevant changes through the simultaneous analysis of 34 chemokines in both prostatic tissue and serum in rats at different ages with the aim to identify clinically workable parameters for the detection of early prostatic alterations. The study included 28 healthy Sprague-Dawley male rats that were distributed in four groups, 1 month-old (prepuberal; n = 7), 3 months-old (young; n = 7), 6 months-old (mature; n = 7) and 12 months-old (elder; n = 7). Chemokines were analyzed through a commercial mini-array system specially designed for rat tissues. Serum testosterone levels and prostatic histological status were also evaluated. Histological lesions indicative of BPH were detected in three mature rats and in all elder ones. Mini-arrays from prostatic tissue showed that young animals had an overall decreased expression of most of the analyzed chemokines when compared with prepuberal rats, with the exception of agrin, which showed a significant (P < 0.05) increase (100.0 ± 1.3, arbitrary units in prepuberal rats vs.148.2 ± 4.1, arbitrary units in young ones). Older animals showed further specific changes in 4 out 34 analyzed chemokines, namely agrin, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Additionally, elder rats showed the lowest intensity levels of agrin combined with the highest ones for PDGF, TIMP1 and VEGF when compared with all other groups. Finally, a significant increase of serum VEGF was detected in elder, BPH-affected rats when compared with young ones. Results indicated that the onset of both rat puberty and BPH would be related with specific changes in the prostatic expression of chemokines such as VEGF. Otherwise, the observed changes in serum VEGF levels could suggest the future possible utilization of serum VEGF levels to detect early pathological prostatic processes.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Apr 2022|
- Prostatic Hyperplasia/pathology
- Rats, Sprague-Dawley
- Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism
- Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism