The aim of the study was to generate a database of small intestinal digestibility (SID) of different sources of concentrate ingredients commonly offered to ruminants in European countries. Test protein feeds were sunflower meal (SUN), rapeseed meal (RAP), soyabean meal (SBM) and cottonseed meal (CSM). Test energy feeds were palm kernel meal (PK), pollard (PO), barley (BA) and beet pulp (BP). Test protein + energy feeds were maize distillers grains (MDG), maize gluten feed (MGF), copra meal (CO) and malt combings (MC). The ruminal undegradable protein (RUP) portion of the test feedstuffs was obtained by ruminal incubation in four Friesian steers offered grass silage and concentrate. The RUP fraction was digested with pepsin and pancreatin enzymes (PPD) or placed into the duodenal cannula of two Friesian cows using the mobile bag technique, which were recovered in the faeces. The average in situ SID (g/kg) of CSM, RSM, SBM, SUN, BA, BP, PK, CO, MDG, MGF and MC was 834 (S.D. 61), 711 (S.D. 47), 978 (S.D. 9), 586 (S.D. 170), 427 (S.D. 80), 712 (S.D. 24), 767 (S.D. 53), 816 (S.D. 38), 860 (S.D. 73), 656 (S.D. 65) and 510 (S.D. 41), respectively. Corresponding in vitro SID values (g/kg) were 641 (S.D. 65), 620 (S.D. 45), 840 (S.D. 27), 606 (S.D. 155), 445 (S.D. 36), 601 (S.D. 17), 640 (S.D. 63), 686 (S.D. 69), 756 (S.D. 63), 634 (S.D. 84) and 504 (S.D. 16), respectively. These results show that the SID of feeds can vary substantially between different sources and indicates that different feeds should be screened for their nutritive value as a result. As the relationship between in situ (Y) and in vitro (X) SID is best described by the linear regression equation Y = -91.9 + 12.7X (r = 0.91), indicating a close relationship between results obtained using both techniques, the in vitro PPD technique offers a quick and reliable method for SID of feeds to be screened on a regular basis. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Mobile nylon bag
- Small intestinal digestion