The neglected role of formal and informal institutions in women’s entrepreneurship: a multi-level analysis

Daniela Gimenez-Jimenez*, Andrea Calabrò, David Urbano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article draws upon institutional theory to investigate whether and to what extent informal institutions (masculinity, power distance, individualism, and indulgence) affect the relationship between formal institutions (the public expenditure on childcare and the length of parental leave) and the likelihood that women will become entrepreneurs. The main findings show that societies characterized by high masculinity and/or low individualism amplify the relationship between the public expenditure on childcare and the likelihood that women will become entrepreneurs. Instead, high-indulgent societies weaken the negative relationship between the length of parental leave and the likelihood that women will become entrepreneurs. We provide a nuanced picture of women’s entrepreneurship by considering the neglected role of informal institutions.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)196-226
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of International Entrepreneurship
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Female entrepreneurship
  • Formal institutions
  • Informal institutions
  • Institutional theory
  • Multi-level analysis
  • Women’s entrepreneurship

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