The mRNA expression of the three major described cold-inducible proteins, including CIRBP, differs in the bovine endometrium and ampulla during the estrous cycle

Jaume Gardela*, Mateo Ruiz-Conca, Sergi Olvera-Maneu, Manel López-Béjar, Manuel Álvarez-Rodríguez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The cold-inducible proteins (CIPs) are essential for post-transcriptional gene regulation playing diverse tissue-specific roles in maintaining normal cellular function and morphogenesis. The potential implications of CIPs in reproductive events raise questions about their role in the physiology of the bovine reproductive tract. However, the expression changes of CIPs during the bovine estrous cycle have not been studied so far. Here, we hypothesized that the bovine estrous cycle could affect the mRNA expression of the CIPs and other candidate transcripts in the reproductive tract. This study aimed to examine estrous cycle-dependent mRNA expression patterns in the bovine endometrium and ampulla of three of the major described CIPs (CIRBP, RBM3, SRSF5), a set of inflammatory cytokines (IL-10, IL-18, IL-1β), and other candidate genes (IL-10RA, IL-10RB, BCL2, NLRP3, STAT1, STAT3, STAT5A, STAT6). Endometrial and ampullar tissues were assessed by RT-qPCR. Additionally, the mRNA expression levels were correlated among them and with follicular progesterone and estradiol concentrations. The transcript levels of CIPs increased in the endometrium during stage III (Days 11–17) compared to stage I (Days 1–4) and IV (Days 18–20). In the ampulla, the mRNA expression of CIRBP increased during the late luteal phase (stage III), but no differences in the expression of other CIPs were observed. This study expands the current knowledge regarding mRNA expression in the endometrium and oviductal ampulla of cycling heifers, focusing mainly on the CIPs. A better understanding of the mechanisms within the uterus and oviduct during the estrous cycle is crucial to improving the fertility rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume152
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein
  • qPCR
  • Western blot

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