The Involvement of a Concerned Significant Other in Gambling Disorder Treatment Outcome

Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Joël Tremblay, Randy Stinchfield, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Marta Baño, Laura Moragas, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Salomé Tárrega, Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza, Isabelle Giroux, Marta Sancho, Isabel Sánchez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Vega González, Virginia Martín-RomeraJosé M. Menchón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Interpersonal distress is a common feature in gambling disorder and adding a concerned significant other (CSO) to the recovery process could be an effective tool for improving treatment outcome. However, little empirical evidence is available regarding the effectiveness of including a CSO to interventions. We aimed to compare treatment outcomes (i.e. compliance with therapy guidelines, dropout from treatment, and relapse during treatment) in a CBT program involving a CSO to CBT treatment as usual (TAU) without a CSO. The sample comprised male gambling disorder patients (N = 675). The manualized CBT intervention consisted of 16 weekly outpatient group sessions and a 3-month follow-up period. Patient CSOs attended a predetermined number of sessions with the patient and were provided with resources to acquire a better understanding of the disorder, to manage risk situations, and to aid patients in adhering to treatment guidelines. Patients with a CSO had significant higher treatment attendance and reduced dropout compared to patients receiving TAU. Moreover, patients whose spouse was involved in the treatment program were less likely to relapse and adhered to the treatment guidelines more than those with a non-spousal CSO. Our results suggest that incorporating interpersonal support to gambling disorder interventions could potentially improve treatment outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)937-953
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Concerned significant others
  • Gambling disorder
  • Outcome predictors

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