The Interplay Between Disordered Regions in RNAs and Proteins Modulates Interactions Within Stress Granules and Processing Bodies.

Andrea Vandelli , FC Samper, Marc Torrent Burgas, Natalia Sánchez Groot, Gian Gaetano Tartaglia*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Condensation, or liquid-like phase separation, is a phenomenon indispensable for the spatiotemporal regulation of molecules within the cell. Recent studies indicate that the composition and molecular organization of phase-separated organelles such as Stress Granules (SGs) and Processing Bodies (PBs) are highly variable and dynamic. A dense contact network involving both RNAs and proteins controls the formation of SGs and PBs and an intricate molecular architecture, at present poorly understood, guarantees that these assemblies sense and adapt to different stresses and environmental changes. Here, we investigated the physico-chemical properties of SGs and PBs components and studied the architecture of their interaction networks. We found that proteins and RNAs establishing the largest amount of contacts in SGs and PBs have distinct properties and intrinsic disorder is enriched in all protein-RNA, protein-protein and RNA-RNA interaction networks. The increase of disorder in proteins is accompanied by an enrichment in single-stranded regions of RNA binding partners. Our results suggest that SGs and PBs quickly assemble and disassemble through dynamic contacts modulated by unfolded domains of their components.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2021

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