© 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved. We evaluate how home-country economic agents (government, universities and research centers, and industry) affect the international competitiveness of small and medium multinational enterprises (SMNEs) of developing countries in Latin America. Drawing on a sample of 100 SMNEs of Peru, the main findings reveal that for Peruvian SMNEs, the government is a core economic agent. Competitiveness of SMNEs also depends on the relationships they have with companies operating in the same industry. Universities and research centers do not have a positive effect on the international competitiveness of SMNEs. The study both advances theory and offers practical advice.
- collaboration of industrial sectors
- firm international competitiveness
- Latin America developing countries
- universities/research centers