Aims/hypothesis: Chemical and biological characteristics of LDL(-) from type 1 diabetic subjects were analysed. The diabetic patients were studied during poor and optimised glycaemic control. Materials and methods: Total LDL was subfractionated into electropositive LDL(+) and electronegative LDL(-) by anion exchange chromatography and the lipid and protein composition of the two determined. Results: LDL(-) differed from LDL(+) in that it had higher triglyceride, non-esterified fatty acids, apoE, apoC-III and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), as well as lower apoB relative content. No evidence of increased oxidation was observed in LDL(-). LDL(-) increased two-fold the release of interleukin 8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) in endothelial cells, suggesting an inflammatory role. Optimisation of glycaemic control after insulin therapy decreased the proportion of LDL(-), but did not modify the composition of LDL subfractions, except for a decrease in PAF-AH activity in LDL(-). The possibility that LDL(-) could be generated by non-enzymatic glycosylation was studied. Fructosamine and glycated LDL content in LDL subfractions from type 1 diabetic patients was greater than in LDL subfractions isolated from normoglycaemic subjects, and decreased after glycaemic optimisation in both subfractions. However, no difference was observed between LDL(+) and LDL(-) before and after insulin therapy. Conclusions/interpretation: These results provide evidence that LDL(-) is not produced by glycosylation. Nevertheless, LDL(-) from diabetic patients displays inflammatory potential reflected by the induction of chemokine release in endothelial cells. This proatherogenic effect could be related to the high PAF-AH activity in LDL(-). © Springer-Verlag 2005.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2005|
- Electronegative low-density lipoprotein
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus