OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of pathoanatomical lesions seen in systematic prostate biopsies and to evaluate their influence on PSA serum levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 495 consecutive prostate biopsies, indicated by a suspicion digital rectal examination in 194 patients (39.2%) and raised serum PSA in 301 (60.8%), were evaluated. Biopsy was performed by sextant and hypoechoic nodes, and PSA serum measurements by dual monoclonal antibody radioimmunoassay, Tandem PSA. RESULTS: Cancer was diagnosed in 42.6% biopsies and BPH in 67.4%; additionally, other associated lesions were detected in 74.6% cases, the most frequent ones being chronic prostatitis (47.3%), glandular atrophy (35.9%) and acute prostatitis (23%). All lesions were significantly related to the primary BPH diagnosis in 74.2% to 85% cases. High grade PIN (14.1%) was related to primary cancer diagnosis in 87.1% cases. The multivariate analysis showed that the main diagnosis (BPH vs cancer) was the only variable that had a significant influence on PSA serum levels. When BPH patients were considered separately, the only variable with significant influence on PSA serum levels was the prostatic volume. The univariate analysis showed a nonsignificant increase in association with acute prostatitis and high grade PIN, and a decrease in association with chronic prostatitis. CONCLUSIONS: BPH or cancer associated damage is very frequent in prostatic biopsies. However, the only factors showing a significant contribution to PSA serum levels appear to be the presence or absence of cancer, or the prostatic volume when the main diagnosis is BPH.
|Journal||Actas urologicas españolas|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1999|