The HADES mission concept astrobiological survey of Jupiter's icy moon Europa

Thomas Bttcher, Liliane Huber, Lucille Le Corre, Johannes Leitner, David McCarthy, Ricky Nilsson, Carlos Teixeira, Sergi Vaquer Araujo, Rebecca C. Wilson, Fatah Adjali, Martin Altenburg, Giacomo Briani, Peter Buchas, Aurlie Le Postollec, Teresa Meier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    The HADES Europa mission concept aims to provide a framework for an astrobiological in-depth investigation of the Jupiter moon Europa, relying on existing technologies and feasibility. This mission study proposes a system consisting of an orbiter, lander and cryobot as a platform for detailed exploration of Europa. While the orbiter will investigate the presence of a liquid ocean and characterize Europa's internal structure, the lander will survey local dynamics of the ice layer and the surface environment. The lander releases a cryobot, that melts into the ice, will sample the pristine subsurface and is expected to provide data on organic and gaseous content and putative bio-signatures. In summary, we present the scientific objectives for an astrobiological investigation of Europa, resulting in a mission concept with a detailed evaluation of scientific instrumentation, mission sequences, basic design of the spacecraft, technology needs and cost estimations. © Cambridge University Press 2009.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)321-329
    JournalInternational Journal of Astrobiology
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009


    • Astrobiology
    • Europa
    • Mission concept


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